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I probably don’t have to convince you that visiting Japan is a great trip idea. Wandering through Japan on my own remains one of the most beautiful, awe-inspiring, exciting, yet at times, challenging trips I have taken in my life.

There is a lot to love in Japan – neon-splattered cities, silent temples, sprawling forests, snow-covered mountains, flavorful and healthy food, millennia-old culture, amazing public transportation.

Walking through Akihabara in Tokyo

However, Japan can also be a hard place to navigate. Cultural norms and standards are numerous and unique to the country, and everything from ordering to addresses work very differently than most of the rest of the world.

Not kidding about addresses. If you stay at an Airbnb or small hotel in Japan, expect them to send you step-by-step directions on how to arrive, complete with photos of every turn you have to take. Instead of a street name and house number. A home address usually consists of a block number and the specific building number of that block. If you can figure these out right off the bat, you are a smarter person than I.

Besides that, English is not widely spoken and the vast majority of signs, especially outside the handful of Tokyo and Kyoto tourist neighborhoods, are written in Kanji.

This presents a problem if you don’t know how to read Kanji. I will go out on a limb here and assume most of you who are not Japanese are not intimately familiar with the Kanji system of characters.

So to help you plan a wonderful journey to Japan, I thought I’d provide you with a cheat sheet of Kanji characters you should know before traveling to the country.

Basic Kanji to Know

Before we start, it’s helpful to know that there are three different Japanese “alphabets”. Hiragana, katakana, and Kanji.

Kanji is the complex system of 2000+ symbols.

Hiragana and katakana are syllabic alphabets, with each character standing in for a phonetic sound. The only difference is that katakana is used exclusively for “loan words”, aka words that have been adopted from other languages into Japanese.

I will include the syllabic alphabet symbols in situations when they are used on certain signs instead of Kanji.

WordKanjiPronunciation
Entrance入口iri-guchi
Exit出口de-guchi
Emergency Exit非常口 hi-jou-guchi
Prohibited禁止kin-shi

Kanji For Basic Necessities

If you find yourself in need of money, medicine, or a police officer, these are useful Kanji to know.

Harajuku Police

Police in Japan may serve a few more function than police officers in your country. In addition to their policing duties in Japan, police officers at “kouban” in Japan can help you with directions as well as collect lost and found items. I guess your job description is different when you’re a police officer in a low-to-no crime country.

WordKanji/KatakanaPronunciation
Pharmacy薬局 yak-kyo-ku
ATM/Bank銀行gin-kou
Police Station交番 kou-ban
Hospital病院byo-u-in
Toiletお手洗い o-te-arai
Toilet (Katakana)トイレ to-i-re

Smoking in Japan

Smoking areas work a bit differently in Japan. Smoking is generally prohibited outdoors, except for select glass enclosures placed every so often on the sidewalk. However, it is allowed indoors in some restaurants and bars. So whether you’re looking to light up or avoid those lighting up, these are good Kanji to know.

WordKanjiPronunciation
Smoking Allowed喫煙kitsu-en
Smoking Prohibited禁煙kin-en

Street Sign Kanji

 

WordKanji/HiraganaPronunciation
Rightmi-gi
Lefthi-da-ri
Stop止まれto-ma-re
Caution注意chu-u-i

Kanji for Transportation

Tokyo Metro

On the super clean and efficient Tokyo metro.

Japan’s public transportation system is one of the most modern and efficient systems in the world. If you’re traveling around cities or even connecting from one city to the next, the metro and the shinkansen (bullet train) system will help get you there comfortably and fast.

Provided you know how to navigate it.

WordKanji/HiraganaPronunciation
Ticketきっぷ kip-pu
Bullet Train新幹線shin-kan-sen
Information案内 / 情報an-nai /j ou-hou
Train Statione-ki
Airport空港kuu-kou

Food and Drink in Japan

If you’re looking for some classic Japanese food and drink experience, learn the words for sushi, ramen, and izakaya below.

Izakaya are most often likened to pubs; people are seated in separate tables, so there’s not much of a communal feel, but there’s great tasting cheap beer, shared salty and fried plates, and most likely a fair amount of people smoking.

WordKanji/HiraganaPronunciation
Ramen拉麺 / らーめんra-men
Sushi寿司 / すしsu-shi
Izakaya居酒屋iza-ka-ya
Price価格ka-ka-ku

Getting Around an Onsen

Onsen, or communal baths in Japan, are separated by gender.

If you want to avoid walking naked into a room full of people who will turn and stare at you – as opposed to walking naked into a room of people who will find it completely normal you just walked in naked – keep the Kanji for “man” and “woman” in mind.

WordKanjiPronunciation
Man           o-to-ko
Womanon-na

The above Kanji should give you a good base for getting around Japan. If you want to be adventurous (and studious) and brush up on more Kanji, check out Remembering the Kanji. That’s the book I got to start me on my road to Japanese learning.

Have a wonderful trip to Japan, and don’t forget to visit Golden Gai in Tokyo!

If you want a cheat sheet of the above Kanji that you can carry around in your wallet or pocket when you visit Japan, sign up to get this downloadable Kanji sheet.